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History of Judo.

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History of Judo

Judo is a martial art sport. It was created in Japan in 1882 by Professor of Physical Education Jigoro Kano. By creating this martial art, Kano had intended to create a self defense system, and develop the physical, mind and spirit. This martial art came to Brazil in 1922, in a period of Japanese immigration.

Judo was well accepted in Japan, spreading later to the whole world, it has the advantage of blending techniques of jiu-jitsu (Japanese martial art) with other oriental martial arts.

Fight and rules

The fights are practiced judo mat in a square format (14 to 16 meters away). Each fight lasts 5 minutes. Victory goes to win the first ippon. If at the end of the struggle to achieve any judo ippon wins who has more advantages.

Ippon: the goal is to win the judo ippon (full point). The ippon is earned when a judoka to break down the opponent, pinning him with his back or shoulders on the floor for 30 seconds. When the fighting is implemented ippon ends.

Wazari: Another way to win by ippon is getting two wazari, worth half a point (advantage). The wazari is an ippon has been applied in an incomplete form, ie, the opponent falls without keeping both shoulders on the mat.

Yuko: When your opponent goes to the ground side. Yuko Each point is worth one-third.

Koka: lowest score of judo. Valley fourth point. Occurs when the opponent drops sitting. Four Kokas does not generate the end of the fight, although it is cumulative.

Prohibitions

In judo moves are not allowed on the face or that may damage the neck or vertebrae. They are also forbidden blows on the face of adversary. When these scams are perpetrated, the fighter is penalized, and in case of recurrence, may be disqualified.

Graduations (bands)

In Brazil, the ranks of judo are made through the colors of the tracks, which are tied in kimono (a kind of robe worn by judo). They are (from lowest to highest): white, gray, blue, yellow, orange, green, purple, brown, black - 1st Dan Black - 2nd Dan Black - 3rd Dan Black - 4th Dan Black - 5th Dan, Red and White - 6th Dan, Red and White - 7th Dan, Red and White - 8th Dan, red - 9th Dan, Dan 10 Red

Federations and confederations:

- The international judo competitions are organized by the IJF (International Judo Federation).
- In Brazil, the CBJ (Brazilian Judo Confederation) organizes national championships.

Trivia:

- The female judo is an Olympic sport since the Barcelona Olympics (1992).

- The Japanese judoka Yasuhiro Yamashita won gold medal in the Olympics in Los Angeles (1984). The curious thing is that the Japanese judoka managed to win the final even limping, because I was a ruptured right calf muscle.

By: His pesquisa.com
Ana Paula and Good Tips.

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